Architect - Nehru
Architect - Nehru
Architect - Nehru

Architect of Modern India on his Death Anniversary.

short history of Jawaharlal Nehru

Architect of Modern India on his Death Anniversary.

Jawaharlal Nehru – a chronological account

Below is a short history of Jawaharlal Nehru

 

1889 Born 14 November in Allahabad, the son of Motilal and Swaruprani Nehru
1905-7 Harrow School, Harrow-on-the-Hill, Middlesex.
1907-10 Trinity College, Cambridge.
1910-12 Inner Temple, London.
1912 – Returned to India. Lawyer, Allahabad High Court.
1913 – Joint Secretary, Allahabad branch of St John Ambulance Brigade.
1916 – Married, 8 February Kamala Kaul.
1917 – Joined Home Rule League. Daughter, Indira, born 19 November.
1918 – Secretary, Home Rule League.
1919 – Started the newspaper, Independent, with Motilal Nehru.
1920 – Joined the Non-co-operation Movement.

Architect of Modern India on his Death Anniversary.

1921 – Arrested 6 December for participating in the Volunteer Movement and urging the boycott of the visit of the Prince of Wales to India.
1922 – Released 3 March. Arrested 11 May for picketing cloth shops.
1923 – Released 26 January. Elected April Chairman, Allahabad Municipal Board. (Resigned January 1925.) Arrested 19 September for defying an order banning entry into Nabha State. (Released 6 October.) Presided October over the United Provinces Political Conference, Benares. Founded December the Hindustani Seva Dal. General Secretary, Indian National Congress, 1923-5.
1926-7 – Visited Europe and Britain. Attended 10 February 1927 the Congress of Oppressed Nationalities, Brussels. Visited November the Soviet Union. Moved December the ‘Inde­pendence Resolution’ at the Madras session of the Indian National Congress. General Secretary, Indian National Congress, 1927-9.
1928 – Presided April over the Punjab Provincial Conference. Founded August the Independence for India League. Presided September over the All Bengal Students Con­ference. Active in the boycott of the Simon Commission; lathi-charged November, Lucknow.
1929 – Presided 30 November over the Nagpur session of the All-India Trade Union Congress. Presided 29 December over the Lahore session of the Indian National Congress.

 

Architect of Modern India on his Death Anniversary.

1930 – Participated in the Salt Satyagraha Movement and arrested 14 April. (Released 11 October.) Arrested 19 October for speech made in favour of the no-tax campaign.
1931 – Released 26 January. Motilal Nehru died 6 February. Arrested 26 December for breach of an internment order prohibiting him from leaving the municipal limits of Allahabad. (Released 30 August 1933.)
1934 – Organized January relief for the victims of the Bihar earthquake. Arrested 12 February for speeches made in Calcutta. (Released 11 August on parole.) Returned 23 August to prison. (Released 4 September 1935.)
1936 – Kamala Nehru died 28 February in Lausanne, Switzerland.
Presided 23 April over the Lucknow session of the Indian National Congress. Travelled April-December round India campaigning on behalf of Congress candidates for the General Elections. Presided 27 December over the Faizpur session of the Indian National Congress.
1938 – Swaruprani Nehru died 10 January. Visited Spain, France, Britain and some other European countries. Chairman, National Planning Committee.
1939 – Visited Sri Lanka and China. Drafted the Congress re­solution on the war.

Architect of Modern India on his Death Anniversary.

1940 – Chosen to be the second satyagrahi in the Individual Satyagraha Movement. Arrested 31 October for speeches made in Gorakhpur. (Released 4 December 1941.)
1942 – Negotiations March-April with Sir Stafford Cripps. Moved 7 August the ‘Quit India‘ resolution at the All-India Congress Committee meeting. Arrested 9 August.
1945 – Released 15 June. Represented 25 June – 14 July the Con­gress at the Simla Conference. Campaigned for Congress candidates in the elections. Appeared November as a lawyer for the defence at the trial of the Indian National Army Officers. Vice-President, Indian Centre of the P.E.N. Elected December President of the All-India States People’s Conference.
1946 – Visited March South-east Asia. Held April-June talks with members of the British Cabinet Mission. Elected May President of the Indian National Congress. (Resigned in September.) Trip June to Kashmir, arrest and release. Interim government formed 2 September with Nehru as Vice-President of the Viceroy’s Executive Council and member for External Affairs and Commonwealth Rela­tions. Moved 13 December the ‘Objectives Resolution’ in the Constituent Assembly.
1947 – Inaugurated 23 March the Asian Relations Conference, New Delhi. Broadcast 3 June to the nation accepting the partition proposals. Became 15 August first Prime Minister of free India.
1948 – Mahatma Gandhi died 30 January. Attended October the Commonwealth Prime Ministers’ Conference, London. Addressed 3 November the Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly, Paris.
1949 – Inaugurated 20 January the conference of eighteen nations to condemn Dutch aggression on Indonesia. First visit October-November to the U.S.A. and Canada.

Architect of Modern India on his Death Anniversary.

1950 – India became a Republic 26 January-. Became March Chairman, Planning Commission. 
1951 – Elected President, Indian National Congress. 
1952- Formed May new government after the first General Elections. Began 2 October Community Development Program.
1953 – Chief Ministers’ Conference November, New Delhi.
Appointed December States Reorganization Commission.
1954 – Chou En-lai visited India. Issued June joint statement of the Prime Ministers of India and China, listing the five principles (Panchsheel) for the regulation of relations between nations.
1955 – Moved January the resolution on a ‘Socialistic Pattern of Society’ at the Avadi session of the Indian National Con­gress. Afro-Asian Conference, Bandung, 15-25 April.
1956 – Conference 17-18 July with President Nasser of Egypt and President Tito of Yugoslavia, Brioni. Conference November of the Prime Ministers of Indonesia, Burma, Ceylon and India, New Delhi.
1957 – Formed April new government after the second General Elections.
1959 – Sponsored January resolution on co-operative farming and state trading of food grains at the Nagpur session of the Indian National Congress,

Architect of Modern India on his Death Anniversary.

1960 – Addressed 3 October the United Nations General Assembly, New York.
1961 – Conference of Non-aligned Nations, Belgrade, September.
1962 – Formed April new government after the third General Elections. Presided June over the National Integration Council meeting. 
1963 – ‘Kamaraj Plan’—ministers relinquished office to reorganize the Congress Party.
1964 – Died 27 May in New Delhi. Cremated at what is now Shanti Vana on the banks of the Yamuna.

 

 

 

 

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